Los gigantes de Silicon Valley están contratando a gente que no tiene estudios universitarios, cada día es más habitual. No es sorprendente, pensaréis. Todos hemos escuchado como Bill Gates dejó la Universidad de Harvard para fundar Microsoft o como Steve Jobs solo pasó seis meses en el Reed College. También Serguéi Brin y Larry Page dejaron Stanford para lanzarse a construir “el buscador universal”.

El mundo tecnológico lleva décadas cultivando la idea de que “la universidad y el genio creativo no se llevan bien”, pero si nos fijamos en los trabajadores de esas grandes compañías, nos daremos cuenta de que la inmensa mayoría salió de una universidad de élite. Eso es algo que ha empezado a cambiar.

El talento está ahí fuera

Cale Guthrie Weissman acaba de publicar un reportaje en Fast Company sobre este tema. Sobre como las empresas están empezando a dejar de mirar los expedientes y están empezando a fijarse, esta vez de verdad, en las habilidades. “Hemos tenido mucho éxito en los Bootcamps”, explicaba Sam Ladah de IBM. Llevan años haciéndolo.

rrwegerf

 

Leyéndolo, uno no deja de preguntarse si la famosa escena de La Red Social en la que Zuckerberg contrataba a programadores usando una competición de código, alcohol y velocidad reflejaba en algo el mundo tecnológico o era parte de la mitología startupil. Al fin y al cabo, escoger a los desarrolladores más versátiles del MIT no es precisamente “pensar fuera de la caja“.

Es verdad que el mundo tecnológico tiene unas características particulares en las que las habilidades personales y los recursos que hay disponibles hacen que un título no marque la diferencia. Por eso no es raro que empresas como Github, Intel o, incluso, la Casa Blanca han iniciado programas para buscar esas ‘habilidades personales’.

Intel, por ejemplo, tiene dos programas para esto: un programa de becas para estudiantes de instituto o que cursan los primeros años de la Universidad; y un programa llamado CODE 2040 especialmente enfocado en minorías subrepresentadas.

La tecnología frente al espejo

Esa quizá ha sido la lección más importante que ha aprendido la industria tecnológica en estos años: al mirarse al espejo se han dado cuenta que el relato que se contaban, la meritocracia disruptiva del talento y la creatividad, sencillamente no se corresponde con la realidad.

Diversity Race

Sí, las grandes tecnológicas se han enfrentado a las políticas inmigratorias de Trump y han defendido a centenares de sus empleados internacionales. Pero aún así, aún con políticas explícitas hacia la diversidad, en IBM calculan que solo entre un 10 y un 15% de las nuevas contrataciones cumplen esos requisitos de diversidad.

¿Formar para el futuro…

Class In Ibs Vilnius University

Hace unos días, José Manuel Martínez, profesor de derecho en Harvard, explicaba su punto de vista sobre la educación universitaria. Más allá de frases manidas y clichés como “ninguna pregunta es estúpida”, Martínez decía que la formación universitaria está demasiado encasillada.

“Si uno se va al Nasdaq -el mercado de valores norteamericano- comprueba que el 75% de las empresas no existían hace 10 años. Los empleos del futuro no están claros y por eso la especialización por sí sola ya no sirve. Hacen falta perfiles muy transversales”, decía con (aparente) convencimiento.

Y es un nudo central: según una reciente estimación del Departamento de Trabajo de Estados Unidos dice que habrá al menos un millón de puestos de trabajo de programación y desarrollo sin cubrir en 2020.

…o señalizar para el presente?

Graduation 995042 1920

Yo, en cambio, no creo que sea un problema de contenidos. Si nos fijamos con detalle en los grandes mitos tecnológicos, la idea de que “la universidad (o la formación) es una pérdida de tiempo” solo se puede sostener con muchos problemas. Gates estudió en algunas de las mejores escuelas de Estados Unidos, Jobs fue miembro del Hewlett-Packard Explorer Club desde los 12 años; tanto los fundadores de Google como los de Facebook tenían un talento natural que, bueno, fue pulido en algunas de las mejores universidades del mundo.

No es un problema de contenidos (que también) sino, sobre todo, es un problema de señalización. Tradicionalmente, las universidades han sido un sistema para señalizar gente, a la “gente adecuada”. “Adecuada” para el tiempo, la sociedad y el equilibrio político de cada momento. Un concepto de lo adecuado que, muchas veces, choca frontalmente con nuestro sentido de lo adecuado.

Es decir, nunca fue capaz de señalizar a todos, pero ahora que vemos que el mundo es mucho más plural, diverso y dinámico que antes; ahora se hace mucho más evidente. Más aún cuando los problemas del sistema universitario norteamericano parecen una bomba a punto de explotar.

Pero por muy evidente que sea el problema, cambiar no es sencillo. Weissman lo explica en Fast Company, la industria de la tecnología está combatiendo duramente para atajar sus problemas de homogeneidad cultural y de género. El problema es que es parte de un bucle que, por su mismo funcionamiento, deja fuera un talento que solo ahora han comenzado a ver.

¿Se puede salir del mundo que uno mismo ha construido?

fsdfjsidf

Parece cierto que Silicon Valley está contratando fuera de los círculos habituales, están buscando a gente que no cumple los estándares tradicionales de formación de alto nivel, está intentando salir de la burbuja que ellos mismos han creado.

Pero lo que se lee entre líneas, es algo más interesante y, quizá, perturbador. Que, entre tanta retórica y tanta actitud positiva, no hay certezas, solo una duda. Una duda que se recorre los departamentos de recursos humanos del “centro del mundo tecnológico”: si ese cambio será posible.

Imágenes | Sebastiaan ter Burg, Nouhailler

¡¡ SUSCRIBETE !! para recibir nuevos artículos en tu correo electrónico

pensamientos de 115 \"Los títulos universitarios están dejando de tener valor en Silicon Valley y este es el motivo \"

  1. I am really impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it is rare to see a nice blog like this one these days..

  2. Hello There. I found your weblog the use of msn. This is an extremely well written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and return to read extra of your helpful information. Thanks for the post. I’ll certainly comeback.

  3. Today, I went to the beach with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She placed the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is completely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  4. The other day, while I was at work, my cousin stole my apple ipad and tested to see if it can survive a forty foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now broken and she has 83 views. I know this is entirely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  5. “hello there and thanks on your info – I’ve certainly picked up something new from right here. I did on the other hand expertise several technical issues the use of this website, as I skilled to reload the website a lot of instances prior to I may just get it to load properly. I have been brooding about if your hosting is OK? Now not that I’m complaining, but slow loading cases times will often impact your placement in google and can harm your high-quality ranking if advertising and ***********|advertising|advertising|advertising and *********** with Adwords. Anyway I’m adding this RSS to my email and can look out for a lot extra of your respective interesting content. Make sure you update this once more very soon..”

  6. Have you ever thought about creating an e-book or guest authoring on other blogs? I have a blog centered on the same information you discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my visitors would appreciate your work. If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to send me an email.

  7. Cool blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere? A design like yours with a few simple adjustements would really make my blog jump out. Please let me know where you got your theme. Thank you

  8. of course like your web site but you have to test the spelling on quite a few of your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling issues and I in finding it very troublesome to tell the truth then again I will certainly come again again.

  9. I think that is among the such a lot significant info for me. And i am satisfied reading your article. But wanna remark on few basic things, The website taste is wonderful, the articles is in point of fact nice : D. Excellent job, cheers

  10. I cling on to listening to the news broadcast talk about getting boundless online grant applications so I have been looking around for the finest site to get one. Could you tell me please, where could i find some?

  11. One more important aspect is that if you are an elderly person, travel insurance for pensioners is something you should make sure you really look at. The old you are, greater at risk you happen to be for making something bad happen to you while in another country. If you are never covered by a few comprehensive insurance coverage, you could have a few serious problems. Thanks for sharing your guidelines on this blog.

  12. Wonderful work! This is the kind of information that are meant to be shared across the web. Shame on the seek engines for no longer positioning this publish higher! Come on over and seek advice from my web site . Thank you =)

  13. One thing I’d really like to touch upon is that fat reduction plan fast can be carried out by the proper diet and exercise. People’s size not merely affects appearance, but also the actual quality of life. Self-esteem, despression symptoms, health risks, and also physical skills are impacted in fat gain. It is possible to do everything right and still gain. Should this happen, a medical problem may be the culprit. While an excessive amount food rather than enough physical exercise are usually the culprit, common medical conditions and widespread prescriptions can certainly greatly enhance size. Many thanks for your post right here.

  14. There are actually a lot of particulars like that to take into consideration. That is a nice point to convey up. I offer the ideas above as normal inspiration however clearly there are questions just like the one you carry up where a very powerful factor will probably be working in sincere good faith. I don?t know if best practices have emerged round issues like that, but I am certain that your job is clearly identified as a good game. Each girls and boys really feel the impact of only a moment’s pleasure, for the remainder of their lives.

  15. hey there and thank you for your information – I’ve definitely picked up anything new from right here. I did however expertise a few technical issues using this site, since I experienced to reload the website lots of times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK? Not that I’m complaining, but slow loading instances times will sometimes affect your placement in google and can damage your high quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Well I am adding this RSS to my email and could look out for much more of your respective interesting content. Ensure that you update this again soon..

  16. Hey There. I discovered your weblog the use of msn. This is a really neatly written article. I’ll be sure to bookmark it and return to learn extra of your helpful information. Thank you for the post. I will definitely return.

  17. One other issue is when you are in a circumstance where you don’t have a co-signer then you may really want to try to wear out all of your school funding options. You’ll find many awards and other scholarships and grants that will present you with finances to aid with institution expenses. Thanks alot : ) for the post.

  18. I’m just writing to let you understand of the useful experience my wife’s girl found viewing your blog. She discovered a wide variety of details, not to mention what it is like to have a marvelous teaching spirit to let most people with no trouble know just exactly certain impossible subject matter. You undoubtedly did more than our expected results. Many thanks for delivering the useful, trusted, educational and in addition easy tips about your topic to Lizeth.

  19. Hello! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good results. If you know of any please share. Thank you!

  20. Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post. I will certainly return.

  21. Just want to say your article is as astounding. The clearness in your post is just excellent and i could assume you are an expert on this subject. Well with your permission let me to grab your feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please keep up the rewarding work.

  22. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  23. Howdy! Someone in my Facebook group shared this website with us so I came to take a look. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Terrific blog and amazing style and design.

  24. “Thanks for this excellent article. One other thing is that the majority of digital cameras arrive equipped with a new zoom lens that allows more or less of any scene to become included through ‘zooming’ in and out. These types of changes in the aim length tend to be reflected within the viewfinder and on huge display screen right on the back of the exact camera.”

  25. One thing I’d like to discuss is that weightloss program fast may be possible by the correct diet and exercise. Your size not simply affects the look, but also the entire quality of life. Self-esteem, depressive disorder, health risks, plus physical capabilities are afflicted in fat gain. It is possible to do everything right whilst still having a gain. Should this happen, a medical problem may be the offender. While a lot food and not enough physical exercise are usually at fault, common health conditions and traditionally used prescriptions may greatly increase size. Many thanks for your post in this article.

  26. I have to get across my affection for your kindness giving support to women who need help with this one topic. Your real dedication to getting the solution along had become remarkably good and has constantly allowed regular people like me to realize their pursuits. This useful useful information implies a lot to me and much more to my mates. Thanks a lot; from all of us.

  27. “Hi! I know this is kinda off topic nevertheless I’d figured I’d ask. Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest writing a blog article or vice-versa? My website covers a lot of the same topics as yours and I believe we could greatly benefit from each other. If you’re interested feel free to send me an e-mail. I look forward to hearing from you! Awesome blog by the way!”

  28. I like the helpful information you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again here regularly. I am quite sure I’ll learn many new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next!

  29. One other issue is that if you are in a predicament where you don’t have a cosigner then you may want to try to wear out all of your educational funding options. You can find many awards and other scholarship grants that will present you with funding to help with college expenses. Thanks alot : ) for the post.

  30. Wow! This could be one particular of the most useful blogs We’ve ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Great. I am also a specialist in this topic therefore I can understand your hard work.

Deja un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *