Si bien la interfaz gráfica de Windows ofrece una manera sencilla y agradable de interactuar con el sistema operativo, a veces resulta más conveniente el uso de comandos para realizar ciertas tareas. Gracias a estos, podrás abrir herramientas del Panel de control de Windows, ejecutar aplicaciones y servicios, entre otras posibilidades. Sin embargo, debes tener mucho cuidado al ejecutar ciertos comandos (por ejemplo, el comando SYSKEY) ya que podrían causar problemas que requieran el formateo del disco.

La ejecución de comandos se realiza desde la herramienta Ejecutar. Solo presionas la tecla de Windows + R, escribes el comando y haces clic en Aceptar.

Nota: en la lista de comandos que te presentamos a continuación, algunos comandos no son compatibles con Windows XP o versiones anteriores.

Comandos para el Panel de control de Windows

CONTROL: abre el Panel de control.

CONTROL ADMINTOOLS: abre las herramientas administrativas.

CONTROL KEYBOARD: abre las propiedades del teclado.

CONTROL COLOR: abre las propiedades de pantalla.

CONTROL FOLDERS: abre las opciones de carpeta.

CONTROL FONTS: abre las fuentes.

CONTROL INTERNATIONAL o INTL.CPL: abre la configuración regional y de idioma.

CONTROL MOUSE o MAIN.CPL: abre las propiedades del mouse.

CONTROL USERPASSWORDS: abre las cuentas de usuario.

CONTROL USERPASSWORDS2 o NETPLWIZ: administración de usuarios y su acceso.

CONTROL /NAME MICROSOFT.BACKUPANDRESTORECENTER: abre el centro de respaldo y recuperación (para Vista únicamente).

CONTROL PRINTERS: impresoras y faxes disponibles.

APPWIZ.CPL: abre Agregar o quitar programas.

OPTIONALFEATURES: abre la herramienta Agregar o quitar componentes Windows (únicamente para Vista).

DESK.CPL: abre las propiedades de pantalla.

HDWWIZ.CPL: abre el asistente para agregar hardware.

INFOCARDCPL.CPL: abre el asistente de compatibilidad de programas.

IRPROPS.CPL: abre la utilidad de infrarrojo.

ISCSICPL: abre la herramienta de configuración del iniciador ISCI Microsoft (únicamente para Vista).

JOY.CPL: abre el dispositivo de juegos.

MMSYS.CPL: abre las propiedades de dispositivos de sonido y audio.

SYSDM.CPL: abre las propiedades del sistema.

TABLETPC.CPL: abre la configuración para Tablet PC (únicamente para Vista).

TELEPHON.CPL: abre la herramienta de información de la ubicación.

TIMEDATE.CPL: abre las propiedades de fecha y hora.

WSCUI.CPL: abre el centro de seguridad de Windows.

ACCESS.CPL: abre las opciones de accesibilidad (únicamente para XP).

WUAUCPL.CPL: abre el servicio de actualizaciones automáticas de Windows (únicamente para XP).

POWERCFG.CPL: abre el administrador de opciones de energía.

COLLAB.CPL: abre la visualización instantánea (únicamente para Vista).

AZMAN.MSC: abre el administrador de autorización (únicamente para Vista).

CERTMGR.MSC: abre los certificados para el usuario actual.

COMPMGMT.MSC: abre la administración de equipos.

COMEXP.MSC o DCOMCNFG: abre los servicio de componentes (únicamente para Vista).

DEVMGMT.MSC: abre el Administrador de dispositivos.

EVENTVWR o EVENTVWR.MSC: abre el Visor de sucesos.

FSMGMT.MSC: abre las carpetas compartidas.

NAPCLCFG.MSC: abre la herramienta de configuración del cliente NAP (únicamente para Vista).

SERVICES.MSC: abre el administrador de servicios.

TASKSCHD.MSC o CONTROL SCHEDTASKS: abre el planificador de tareas (únicamente para Vista).

GPEDIT.MSC: abre el editor de directiva de grupo (para las ediciones profesionales y más de Windows).

LUSRMGR.MSC: abre el editor de usuarios locales y grupos.

SECPOL.MSC: abre la configuración de seguridad local.

NTMSMGR.MSC: abre el administrador de medios de almacenamiento extraíbles.

NTMSOPRQ.MSC: abre las solicitudes del operador de medios de almacenamiento extraíbles.

RSOP.MSC: abre el conjunto resultante de directivas.

WMIMGMT.MSC: abre Windows Management Infrastructure.

TPM.MSC: abre la herramienta gestión de modulo de plataforma protegida en el equipo local (únicamente para Vista).

PERFMON o PERFMON.MSC: abre el monitor de rendimiento de Windows.

MMC: abre una nueva consola vacía.

MDSCHED: abre la herramienta de diagnóstico de la memoria (únicamente para Vista).

DXDIAG: abre la herramienta de diagnóstico de DirectX.

ODBCAD32: abre el administrador de orígenes de datos ODBC.

REGEDITo REGEDT32 (únicamente para Vista): abre el editor del registro.

DRWTSN32: abre Dr. Watson (para XP únicamente).

VERIFIER: abre el administrador del comprobador de controlador.

CLICONFG: abre la herramienta de configuración de cliente de red SQL.

UTILMAN: abre el administrador de utilidades.

COMPUTERDEFAULTS: abre la herramienta de programas predeterminados (únicamente para Vista).

CREDWIZ: abre la ventana para hacer copias de seguridad y restaurar contraseñas de usuarios (únicamente para Vista).

LPKSETUP: abre el asistente de instalación y desinstalación de idiomas (únicamente para Vista).

MOBSYNC: abre elementos para sincronizar.

REKEYWIZ: abre el administrador de certificados de cifrado de archivos (únicamente para Vista).

SLUI: abre el asistente de activación de Windows (únicamente para Vista).

MSCONFIG: abre la utilidad de configuración del sistema.

SYSEDIT: abre el editor de configuración del sistema (atención, manipular con prudencia).

SYSKEY: abre la herramienta de protección de la base de datos de cuentas de Windows (atención, manipular con mucha prudencia).

Comandos para abrir programas y herramientas de Windows

EXPLORER: abre el explorador de Windows.

IEXPLORE: abre Internet Explorer.

WAB: abre la libreta de direcciones (únicamente para Vista).

CHARMAP: abre la tabla de caracteres.

MSPAINT: abre Paint.

WRITEo Wordpad: abre WordPad.

NOTEPAD: abre el bloc de notas.

SNIPPINGTOOL: abre la herramienta de captura de pantalla (únicamente para Vista).

CALC: abre la calculadora.

CLIPBRD: abre el Portapapeles (para XP únicamente).

WINCHAT: abre el programa de Microsoft de chat en red (para Windows XP únicamente).

SOUNDRECORDER: abre el altavoz.

DVDPLAY: ejecuta la unidad de DVD.

WMPLAYER: abre Windows Media Player.

MOVIEMK: abre Windows Movie Maker.

JOURNAL: abre un nuevo journal (únicamente para Vista).

STIKYNOT: abre el recordatorio (únicamente para Vista).

OSK: muestra el teclado en pantalla.

TABTIP: abre el panel de ingreso de datos Tablet PC (únicamente para Vista).

MAGNIFY: abre la lupa.

WINCAL: abre el calendario de Windows (únicamente para Vista).

DIALER: abre el marcador telefónico de Windows.

EUDCEDIT: abre el editor de caracteres privados.

SNDVOL: ajusta las propiedades del volumen.

RSTRUI: abre la herramienta de restauración del sistema (únicamente para Vista).

%WINDIR%\SYSTEM32\RESTORE\RSTRUI.EXE: abre la herramienta de restauración del sistema (para XP únicamente).

MSINFO32: abre la información del sistema.

MRT: abre la herramienta de eliminación de software malintencionado de Windows.

TASKMGR: abre el administrador de tareas de Windows.

CMD: abre la consola.

MIGWIZ : abre el asistente para transferencia de archivos y configuraciones (únicamente para Vista).

MIGWIZ.EXE: abre el asistente para transferencia de archivos y configuraciones (para XP únicamente).

SIDEBAR: abre la barra de Windows (únicamente para Vista).

SIGVERIF: abre la herramienta de comprobación de la firma del archivo.

WINVER: abre la ventana Acerca de Windows para conocer la versión de Windows.

FSQUIRT: abre el asistente para la transferencia de archivos Bluetooth.

IEXPRESS: abre el asistente de archivos autoextraíbles.

MBLCTR: abre el centro de movilidad de Windows (únicamente para Vista).

MSRA: abre el asistente remoto de Windows.

MSTSC: abre la herramienta de conexión a escritorio remoto.

MSDT: abre la herramienta de diagnóstico y soporte de Microsoft.

WERCON: abre la herramienta de reportes y soluciones a los problemas (únicamente para Vista).

WINDOWSANYTIMEUPGRADE: permite la actualización de Windows Vista.

WINWORD: abre Word (si está instalado).

PRINTBRMUI: abre el asistente de migración de impresora (para Vista únicamente).

Comandos para la administración de discos

DISKMGMT.MSC: abre el administrador de discos.

CLEANMGR: abre la herramienta para liberar espacio en disco.

DFRG.MSC: abre el desfragmentador de disco.

DEFRAG: desfragmenta el disco duro.

CHKDSK: efectúa un análisis de la partición precisados en los parámetros del comando (para mayor información, escribe CHKDSK /? en la consola CMD).

DISKPART: abre la herramienta para particionar (un poco difícil de usar).

Comandos para la administración de red e Internet

IPCONFIG: muestra la configuración de las direcciones IP en el ordenador (para obtener mayor información, escribe: IPCONFIG /? en la consola CMD).

CONTROL NETCONNECTIONS o NCPA.CPL: muestra las conexiones de red.

INETCPL.CPL: abre las propiedades de Internet.

FIREWALL.CPL: abre el firewall de Windows.

WF.MSC: abre las funciones avanzadas del firewall de Windows (únicamente para Vista).

NETSETUP.CPL: abre el asistente para configuración de red (únicamente para XP).

Otros comandos de Windows

JAVAWS: muestra la caché del programa JAVA (si está instalado).

AC3FILTER.CPL: abre las propiedades del filtro AC3 (si está instalado).

FIREFOX: abre Mozilla Firefox (si está instalado).

NETPROJ: permite la conexión a un proyector de red (únicamente para Vista).

LOGOFF: cierra la sesión activa.

SHUTDOWN: apaga Windows.

SHUTDOWN -A: detiene el apagado de Windows.

%WINDIR% o %SYSTEMROOT%: abre la carpeta de instalación de Windows.

%PROGRAMFILES%: abre la carpeta de instalación de otros programas (Program Files).

%USERPROFILE%: abre la carpeta del perfil del usuario conectado actualmente.

%HOMEDRIVE%: abre el explorador en la partición donde el sistema operativo está instalado.

Comprobador de archivos del sistema (necesita un CD de Windows si la caché no está disponible):

SFC /SCANNOW: hace un scan de todos los archivos del sistema y repara los archivos dañados.

SFC /VERIFYONLY: hace un scan únicamente de los archivos del sistema.

SFC /SCANFILE=”nombre y ruta del archivo”: hace un scan del archivo indicado y lo repara si está dañado.

SFC /VERIFYFILE=”nombre y ruta del archivo”: hace un scan únicamente del archivo indicado.

SFC /SCANONCE: hace un scan de los archivos del sistema la próxima vez que se inicie el ordenador.

SFC /REVERT: restablece la configuración inicial (para mayor información, escribe SFC /? en la consola CMD.

Foto: © vectorEps – Shutterstock.com

Más comandos:

http://www.manualdeusuario.es/atajos-de-comandos-desde-ejecutar-windows/

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